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Simulating Occupant Response to Emergency Situations

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dc.contributor.advisor Lohner, Rainald Isenhour, Michelle Lynn
dc.creator Isenhour, Michelle Lynn 2016-09-28T10:23:02Z 2016-09-28T10:23:02Z 2016
dc.description.abstract When evaluating building evacuation processes, the inclusion of occupant response to emergency situations is essential in the overall assessment of the evacuation plan. Simulations which model the movement of people within buildings aid in the study of evacuation processes and are most often used to validate evacuation plans, optimize evacuation time, and identify any potential safety hazards. The accurate prediction of movement during a building evacuation depends greatly upon the actions and decisions individuals make at the start of the emergency. This dissertation employs a mathematical formulation which accounts for occupant behaviors during this pre-movement phase and implements a computational model to account for the situation dependent dynamic processes which determine the selection of route and exit from a building. The overall effect of these decisions and choices on the evacuation from a student center located at George Mason University (GMU) is presented.
dc.format.extent 228 pages
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights Copyright 2016 Michelle Lynn Isenhour
dc.subject Urban planning en_US
dc.subject Mathematics en_US
dc.subject Evacuation Modeling en_US
dc.subject Pedestrian Simulation en_US
dc.subject Pre-Evacuation Delay en_US
dc.subject Speed on Stairs en_US
dc.subject Validation en_US
dc.subject Verification en_US
dc.title Simulating Occupant Response to Emergency Situations
dc.type Dissertation Ph.D. Computational Sciences and Informatics George Mason University

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