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Ancestral Affiliation and the Production of Social Identity: Investigations of Mortuary Practices among Persistent Hunter-Gatherers in Archaic Indian Knoll, Kentucky

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dc.contributor.advisor Temple, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Rodan, Rebecca
dc.creator Rodan, Rebecca
dc.date 2020-05-06
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-29T13:11:09Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-29T13:11:09Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/11941
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores the utilization of the Archaic cemetery at Indian Knoll (ca. 4600-3500 BP) in Kentucky as a persistent mortuary landscape. Reconstructing mortuary practices and population structure among hunter-gatherers helps explain the formation of persistent places through identities affiliated with the ancestral dead. Grave good presence and absence as well as burial location within the midden was recorded. To analyze population structure, buccolingual and mesiodistal measurements were collected for each permanent tooth present for the sample. An R-matrix evaluated within-group phenotypic variation for the full sample and within temporal layers of the midden. Mantel’s partial correlation tests were employed to evaluate the relationship between biological and spatial distance within the total cemetery and between occupational layers. Phenotypic variation increased between the Deep (oldest) and Mid-Shell (intermediate) midden layers and decreased between the Mid-Shell and Low Shell (youngest) midden layers. Grave good usage became more inclusive between the Deep and Mid-Shell midden occupation, then decreased between the Mid-Shell and Low Shell midden. There were no significant correlations between biological and spatial distances. These results suggest that the social structure of the site moved from a more restricted, closely related group to a more diverse population, with a contraction in this diversity during the latest occupational phase. Burial proximity was likely a symbolic social strategy aimed at preserving the site as a persistent landscape through maintenance of social memory via adjacency to ancestral occupants. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject hunter-gatherers en_US
dc.subject biodistance en_US
dc.subject Indian Knoll en_US
dc.subject biological anthropology en_US
dc.subject mortuary anthropology en_US
dc.subject archaic en_US
dc.title Ancestral Affiliation and the Production of Social Identity: Investigations of Mortuary Practices among Persistent Hunter-Gatherers in Archaic Indian Knoll, Kentucky en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts in Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Anthropology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US


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