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Magnetic Nanotrap Particles Capture and Enrich Bacillus anthracis Analytes in Blood

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dc.contributor.advisor van Hoek, Monique Heath, Brittany
dc.creator Heath, Brittany 2020-05-29 2021-09-22T00:05:44Z 2022-05-30T06:58:23Z
dc.description This thesis has been embargoed for 2 years. It will not be available until May 2022 at the earliest. en_US
dc.description.abstract Bacillus anthracis is a Category A biological threat agent as it has the potential to be used as a bioweapon. It is also encountered in nature where it can persist in the environment for decades. Nanotraps are hydrogel microparticles that have been developed to bind a wide variety of bio-analytes. The use of nanotraps can potentially capture biomarkers such as proteins or nucleic acids, enabling analytes that were once below detectable limits to become detectable by various processes such as mass spectrometry. The purpose of this study was to characterize the ability of magnetic nanotrap particles to capture, enrich and stabilize Bacillus anthracis biomarkers and bacteria. We have shown that magnetic nanotraps, functionalized with a Reactive Red 120 affinity bait, are able to capture and enrich Bacillus anthracis bacteria and proteins. These nanotraps have also been demonstrated to bind to Bacillus anthracis nucleic acid and protect it from degradation when incubated with DNase. Magnetic nanotraps can also allow for rapid separation of biomarkers from complex biological matrices, such as whole blood, performing just as well as centrifugation in this separation. Overall, this work suggests that nanotraps may be a useful part of up-stream processing and may improve detection in a workflow to detect Bacillus anthracis bacteria, proteins or nucleic acids from whole human blood. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Bacillus anthracis en_US
dc.subject anthrax en_US
dc.subject nanoparticles en_US
dc.subject nanotrap particles en_US
dc.title Magnetic Nanotrap Particles Capture and Enrich Bacillus anthracis Analytes in Blood en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Master of Science in Biology en_US Master's en_US Biology en_US George Mason University en_US

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